Jakarta, lying in a delta of 13 rivers with 40 percent of land below sea level, faces a huge crisis of flooding, algae and water pollution. Its Pluit Reservoir Revitalization Project represents the city’s significant effort to improve:
- water storage capacity,
- reduce urban flooding and
- improve the quality of its prime water source.
The project requires improving storage capacity, relocating 3,000 squatters around the reservoir’s banks, and transforming the areas into parks and quality public open space.
The city’s water management plan, envisioned for roll out from now to 2030, is seen as a way to address climate change in a socially conscious way.
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It includes government partnerships with a corporate sector that is expected to benefit – along with the public – in new and less threatened property development.
City Brief Introduction:
Jakarta officially known as the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
Located on the northwest coast of Java, Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre, and with a population over 9 million, it is the most populous city in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia.
The official metropolitan area is the second largest in the world, yet the metropolis’s suburbs still continue beyond it. The metropolitan has an area of 4,383.53 square kilometers.
It is predicted that 80% of North Jakarta will be 5 meters below sea level by 2030.
As a response, the Pluit Reservoir Revitalization Project has been introduced within the framework of Jakarta Water Management Plan for 2030.
Covering a catchment area of 2,083 hectares in North Jakarta, the reservoir can play a major role in mitigating the annual cycle of flooding.
To do so, however, requires a housing solution for many of the 15,000 households who are currently living on the banks of the reservoir.
Furthermore, the revitalisation of the Pluit Reservoir can help rejuvenate the surrounding areas through integrated blue and green infrastructure where people can enjoy and interact with the nature.
This project involves the engagement of:
- local community leaders and
- the private sector, especially real estate and
- local-government-owned enterprises.
The public-private partnership (PPP) scheme has been implemented for the Pluit Reservoir revitalization project.
Under a cross-subsidy and corporate social responsibility system, private companies are obliged to participate in the project in order to obtain property development permits.
Several NGOs were asked by the government to join this project to ensure that the resettlement process of the local people would be conducted smoothly.
“The main challenge was to relocate the squatters without violating their human rights.”
This was ensured by strong leadership. The Governor himself contacted the people directly, listened to them and communicated with them frequently.
At the same time the Governor encouraged private sector partners to donate attractive furniture for the new housing, and explained to the local people the importance of maintaining the reservoir area.
The new subsidized apartments for the squatters represent a major improvement their living and health environment.
The city is also looking after the employment needs of these relocated inhabitants to ensure that they can maintain their current jobs.
- markets and
- health care facilities are also provided in the new living areas
In order to improve quality of life and create new job opportunities.
The project is a pilot for other reservoirs and the thirteen rivers that make up the Jakarta delta. To date, 3,000 squatters have been relocated and water retaining capacity of the reservoir increased by 6,720,000m3.
There is a new 20 hectare park and a City Forest of 10.000 trees as a recreational area which will also help reduce CO2.